This list has a little of everything. It includes Indianapolis, of course, along with perennial powerhouses Dallas-Fort Worth and Phoenix, boomtowns Austin and Nashville and much-discussed up-and-comers Boise, Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, Oklahoma City and Raleigh. But there are also some under-the-radar growth stories (Charleston, Huntsville) moderate Midwestern successes (Cincinnati, Columbus, Des Moines) and one true surprise: Philadelphia? Really?! There is not, however, a single city from Florida. What unites the standouts? All but two, Phoenix and Philadelphia, are in states that voted Republican in the 2020 presidential election, while in all but two, Huntsville and Oklahoma City, the mayors of the largest cities are either Democrats or nonpartisan officials who sound a lot like Democrats.
- Date Posted:
- June 13, 2023
We document that changes in the perceived cost of capital only modestly affect discount rates, in contrast to the stylized view. Using within-firm variation, we show that, on average, a 1 percentage point increase in the perceived cost of capital leads to a 0.3 percentage point increase in the discount rate. We show that discount rate wedges are associated with investment fluctuations at the firm level. A 1 percentage point increase in the wedge lowers the investment rate by 0.9 points. Many firms rarely change discount rates, so the relation becomes stronger over longer horizons. However, even at the 10-year horizon, 40 percent of firms maintain unchanged discount rates and, even if they change, adjust less than one-to-one with the perceived cost of capital. These results suggest that discount rates have “a life of their own,” beyond the perceived cost of capital. The average US firm in our sample has increased its discount rate wedge by 2.5 percentage points between 2002 and 2021.