Here is a graph showing affordability, and the 5-year real return (red) on the house purchase (annualized). The 5-year real return is the future return on the Case-Shiller index, adjusted for inflation. When affordability was poor in the early ‘80s, it was actually a good time to buy (and that was before refinancing!). Another good time to buy was in the mid-to-late ‘90s. And another good time was around 2011 or 2012 and also the next several years. The worst time to buy (using a 5 year real return) was in the runup to and during the housing bubble. Since the real return is based on 5 years, we don’t know the return after April 2018. Unaffordability and the low level of inventory are pushing prices in opposite directions!
- Date Posted:
- June 28, 2023
Americans, Chinese, and Europeans have curtailed their lending and investing abroad—while also selling commensurately fewer financial claims to foreigners. In 2021, the gross value of cross-border financial transactions involving the U.S., China, and the euro area was worth about $7.9 trillion. In 2022, that figure was just $2.8 trillion. U.S. data for the first three months of this year suggest that cross-border transactions volumes have continued to shrink. International financial transactions involving the world’s three largest economies are smaller relative to their combined output than at any point other than the trough of the financial crisis.